by: Joseph Page
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The Patent Troll

...and other 'non-practicing entities'

Patent Troll

The First Patent Troll

     Henry Ford detested patents. In part, this came from the fact that a clever patent attorney named George Selden got the first patent (US Pat. No. #549,160) on an automobile. Mr. Seldon never built an automobile, yet he collected royalties for all American car manufactures for years. Mr. Seldon may be the first large scale non-practicing entity – or ‘patent troll’.

Patent Validity

     A patent is valid no matter who its owner is. Patent validity does not depend upon the owner of the patent being a leading manufacture – or participate in manufacturing in any way whatever. Yet, for some reason there remains an army of people who feel that it is somehow unfair for a person to own and enforce a patent when they do not themselves practice in the art of which the patent pertains. This feeling of ‘dirty play’ with regard to those who enforce patents while not being themselves in the industry led to the term ‘patent troll’. It remains the case that any owner of a patent, however obtained, has the same right to enforce that patent as those who are leading industrialists.

Patent Enforcement Business

     Unfortunately, due to the exceptionally high values placed upon some patent portfolios, there remains great incentive to amass a patent collection and enforce that against those companies who are engaged in the business of producing goods to consumers. It is a HUGE burden and quite unfair indeed. Nevertheless, these are the realities of the system in which we operate and it appears that it will remain an imperfection in our patent laws. The patent troll is here to stay.

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Patent Services Header Intellectual Property Patent Agent, patent attorney, patent law Patent Topic: "Patent Troll" Patent Attorney Invention HOME IP Tip: #9
Since patents are quite similar from nation to nation, it is possible to file a single patent application with the Patent Cooperation Treaty guidelines and prosecute the application singly in the first few years.  After the application matures, the application is granted at each national patent office.  In this way, it is possible to save a considerable amount of money avoiding patent development fees at every nation.  Because patent principles such as 'obviousness' and 'inventive step' have different standards, a PCT application should account for each of these. Patent Attorney, Patent law Patent Cooperation Treaty
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